February 2, 2016

A Chorus Line is Cast

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A Chorus Line Has Been Cast

Bishop O’Dowd High School’s spring production is A Chorus Line, a classic Broadway musical about dancers putting their life on the line for a job. The first day of the spring semester was the first day of auditions. Four days, and 12 hours later, the highly anticipated show was cast. Close to 50 talented students attended the challenging auditions vying for 19 speaking roles and multiple ensemble opportunities.

A Chorus Line opens April 29 and will play three weekends, with two Sunday matinee performances. Click to purchase tickets »

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Please Note: A Chorus Line is suggested for Mature Audiences.

Cast List

Carl Ballantine, Seth Moure, Cameron McLaurin, Drew Downs, Bryce Ashford,
Jett Roberts, Chuck Novak, Eric Yu, Giuliano Sanchez, Christine Curulla, Taylor Daniel, Aliyah Turner, Nora Hurley, Ruby Perez, Nathalie Rivera, Maddie Parsnick, Gaia Bostick, Sophie Friedman, Cameron Park, Leila Barbera, Nina Goncharova, Lauryn La Duc, Sophia McHugh, Sheridan Grenda, Kyle Connors, Julia Hansen, Liana Willis, Gaia Palliere, Mathilde Provencher, Cece Garofoli, Maile Morrish, Maddalena Baldo, Sophia Rodriguez, Kalimah Davis, Arianna Pride, Morgan Ambers, Beatrice Velline, Kai Kendall, Nathan Francis, Alexa Carera, Sydney Lewis and Hanna White.

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Bishop O’Dowd Social Justice Teach-In

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Saturday January 30, 2016

On Saturday January 30th, O’Dowd students attended our first ever Bay Area Social Justice Teach-In, hosted by the social justice club Solidarity not Solitary. For five hours, including a lunch break, students learned about injustices from their peers, teachers, and experienced adults and were inspired to take action on local issues.

The Teach-In started out with the first keynote speaker, state assembly member and social justice advocate Rob Bonta. He spoke about coming from a family whose father marched with Dr. Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Selma and eventually lived in the same neighborhood as Cesar Chavez. Mr. Bonta reached out to the participants and encouraged them to get involved in their community. Expression through art and music is important to social justice work, so Sophomore Kate Marcel and Freshman, Liana Willis shared their musical talent to offer reflections for our time together.

The day continued with 2 break-out times that included 6 workshops participants can choose from:

  • Brittany King from the The Sierra Club spoke about resisting Coal in Oakland.
  • S4S student leaders, Amaris Durst and Isabel Weinerth led a workshop on Fair Trade with Ms. Yeghoian, Director of Sustainability
  • Juniors Olivia Johnson, Alexis Stanley, and Seniors Payton Silket and Dani Viviani hosted “Racism Jeopardy” and talked about the rise of hatred towards Muslims, or Islamophobia
  • Junior Adryanna Ruiz-Mendoza, Immigration lawyer, Susan Bowyer, and Religion Teacher and Retreats Coordinator, Ms. Gallarreta led activities exploring humane migration reform.
  • Juniors Audrey Byrne, Dylan Brown, and Canticle Farm resident, Troy Williams talked about the reality of incarceration and the need for Prison Reform.
  • Senior, Cas Spiegel, lead a workshop on Gender and Sexuality using resources Cas has shared with others through Gender Spectrum, an organization that helps to create gender sensitive and inclusive environments for all children and teens.

 

After a community lunch and check-in, we finished our day together inspired by women working to improve our community. Ms. Michelle Clark, has devoted her life building an innovative job-training program for Oakland youth called YEP. In fact, she was named a Presidential Champion of Change in 2013. Black Girls Code founder, Kimberly Bryant, introduces programming and technology to a new generation of coders. She spoke about her own personal journey of studying engineering to starting a non-profit so that her daughter’s future was better than her own past.

The first ever gathering attracted almost 30 students and a handful of parents. Judge Trina Thompson came to support her daughter as she led “Racism Jeopardy” and said, “I learned from my own daughter how to engage students. I was overwhelmed with pride and was just trying to take in the day.” She continues, “The students are comfortably brilliant. They are naturally inclusive and are dedicated to becoming community builders. Social justice is one of my passions, but to see the next generation take the baton is breathtaking.” Judge Thompson was so inspired, she created a slideshow of this and a previous event she attended with O’Dowd students. View her slideshow here.

We ended our time together by sharing our hopes. We all share in the hope of making this happen again.

Thanks to the entire club, to the Ignatian Family Teach-In participants for the continued support, vision, and momentum, and finally a special thanks to Juniors Audrey Byrne and Dylan Brown for their work in organizing this amazing community event.

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January 24, 2016

Clean Water Fund Features ReThink Disposables at O’Dowd

In Spring 2015, Bishop O’Dowd High School partnered with Clean Water Fund’s ReThink Disposables Program, to come up with a solution to reducing the amount of single-use disposables used in O’Dowd’s cafeteria program. To learn more about Clean Water Funds ReThink Disposables, and the pilot program at O’Dowd see newly featured video from Clean Water Fund video below or continue reading the article.
 

 

Clean Water Fund (CWF) was eager to work with O’Dowd, as this would be there first school partnership. CWF project manager Samantha Sommer worked closely with Epicurean Chef, Todd Morales, Director of Sustainability, Andra Yeghoian, and Director of Facilities, Dan Malmgren, to come up with a solution that would be easy and affordable to implement, and still have a impact on reducing waste and costs.
 
Todd and Reusable Baskets
 

Clean Water Fund (CWF) intended to transition all dining services from disposables to reusable foodware, but after touring the space and discussions with the food vendor and facilities, the school determined that the addition of a commercial dishwasher would require costly capital improvements. Bishop O’Dowd High School decided to replace two sizes of disposable plates that are used to serve all meals with a reusable basket. Reusable baskets were selected because they are inexpensive, light and easy to transport around, and do not get very soiled due to the liner. Todd Morales, the head Chef from Epicurean, felt confident that many, if not most of the meals he serves day-to-day, could be serviced by a reusable basket.

Screen Shot 2016-01-23 at 7.25.46 PM After comparing the pilot program to a baseline audit, the final numbers proved that this was the right decision, as O’Dowd has been able to reduce over 3,300 pounds of waste annually, and has seen cost savings over $6,400! ReThink Disposables Summary Document.

The pilot would not have been successful without the help of Students for Sustainability (S4S) who trained students and staff on where to properly deposit baskets in the cafeteria and annex. Additionally, the extension of the program into 2015-16 could not have worked without the help of facilities and maintenance, in particular Kip Adams, who came up with the solution to secure a basket drop on each of the compost (or in some cases recycling) bins in the outdoor seating and dining areas.

 
To see this program in action watch the video below:

 


Click here to read more sustainability news or learn more about O’Dowd’s sustainability initiatives.


January 23, 2016

S-Corps Winter 2016 Retreat: A Fun and Meaningful Day

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S-Corps student leaders came together in early January to participate in a fun filled day of engaging activities and strategic planning. S-Corps, is the student action team of the Department of Sustainability, and is made up of two divisions: Students for Sustainability (S4S) and the Living Lab Club.

The retreat kicked off with a communal meal of fresh kale salad, and piping hot pizza, cooked in the CES’s very own pizza oven by Living Lab Staff Devra Laner, and topped with delicious toppings from the Living Lab (tomatoes, chard, and eggs).

 
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Mixed throughout the day were games and energizers led by AmeriCorps Volunteers, Dru Marion, and Erin Fieberling (alumni of O’Dowd, class of 2011).

The first retreat workshop was led by Director of Sustainability, Andra Yeghoian, and had student focus on who they are as leaders through the lens of the Integral Theory framework. The activity centered on examining the mental models and “native” perspectives (inner experience, culture, systems, or action) that shape they way they are called to purpose as leaders. Students spent time reflecting individually, in dialogue with their peers and mentors, and applying their new self-realizations to next steps they can take as leaders.
 
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The second retreat workshop was led by Living Lab Staff Jeremy Pearson and Annie Prutzman, and was a simulation activity that took students through a real-life scenario of designing a community park. The activity called on students to role-play special interest groups, to practice rapid prototyping and design thinking, to collaborate with their peers, and to present and advocate for their respective interests and needs. Through this activity students learned the greater context for the powerful sustainability work they are doing everyday at O’Dowd, and learned the importance of compromise in complex sustainability issues.
 
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The day came to a close with strategic planning in division affinity groups, and a closing circle where the group huddled together in the great outdoors to share what their key takeaways and inspirations were from the retreat.
 
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“I liked the Integral Theory activity because it showed me parts of myself that I didn’t understand, and it gave me insight into what is important to the people I am trying to lead.”
– Julian Nesbitt (2016)

“I enjoyed doing a real world activity that asked us to balance the needs of the whole community as we designed a really amazing community park.”
– Elena Hausser (2016)

The retreat was a great success, and students left feeling re-energized for the important work ahead in the second semester.
 
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January 19, 2016

Social Justice Teach-In on January 30 at O’Dowd

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Sign-up NOW for our FIRST EVER Social Justice Teach-In at O’Dowd! Solidarity not Solitary is hosting a fun and interactive day of learning about important justice issues. O’Dowd students will be hosting workshops on Racism, Immigration, Solitary Confinement and Prison Reform, Gender Diversity, Fair Trade at O’Dowd. Special Guest: Rob Bonta (California Assemblyman for our District) will talk about how students CAN and DO make a difference in their communities. 

Come with $10 for registration. Lunch will be included. Sign up here »
For questions or concerns, please contact Ms. Sideco. 

The Teach-in will be on Saturday, January 30 from 9am-2pm.

*Speak to your Religion Teacher about receiving credit for participating in this event.

**Pass this information along to others if they are interested!

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January 15, 2016

St. Martin de Porres 7th Grade Visits the Living Lab

The Living Lab Garden Educators had a blast hosting a group of twenty students from St.Martin de Porres on a field trip last Thursday. The visit provided an opportunity for the seventh grade class to see O’Dowd, and to apply the scientific concepts they had been learning in class to a morning of hands-on exploration in our outdoor learning space. And gave everyone, including St. Martin’s Principal Northcroft, a chance to hold a chicken for the very first time!
 
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The students came armed with an impressive understanding of food webs and matter cycling, and for two hours, they dug deeper into those topics by digging into the dirt. Following the path of a nutrient being cycled through the Living Lab’s plants, animals, compost, and soil, students saw science in action with hands-on activities at each station. They also reflected on the Bay Area region’s natural history while surrounded by Memorial Circle Redwoods.

St. Martin’s science teacher Adrian Romero passed along feedback from one of his students after leaving O’Dowd: “that was a good trip, Mister!” O’Dowd’s Department of Sustainability and Living Lab look forward to hosting St. Martin’s students again in the near future.

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January 14, 2016

7 Things About Fred Randolph

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What inspired you to do this kind of work?

I’ve spent many years as a professional musician. I worked hard to acquire a professional level of skill. A wonderful music educator named Bob Athayde offered me a job out of the blue helping out at Stanley Middle School in Lafayette. I had so much fun there that I decided to pursue teaching. Music has given me a lot and I felt that it was time to give back.

What is your position here and how long have you worked at O’Dowd?

I serve as Director of Instrumental Music. I am in my 8th year at O’Dowd and I’ve enjoyed every year here.

What is the best piece of advice you ever received (generally – it doesn’t have to be related to O’Dowd)?

Once I asked my 2nd cousin, who happened to be an admiral in the US Navy, what he thought the most important thing in life was. He answered “work.” I carry that with me to this day.

What is your favorite thing about your job?

I love turning young people onto music in all of its facets. The capacity that young people have to grow, develop, mature and change never ceases to amaze me. It’s great to be a part of that process.

What about your field or position do you think would surprise people the most?

It’s never boring!

What is the most interesting or surprising thing about you?

I started playing bass at age 35 and have been able to make a nice little career out of it. When people say “you’re too old to learn this or that” I just laugh. All of us are learning every day no matter how young or old!

If you could rescue only one thing from your burning office, what would it be?

My bass!

Bonus Questions

What is your favorite kind of music/what are your favorite bands?

I like any music that has “soul” and integrity. Some random examples:

Ravel, Beethoven (especially the Eroica Symphony), Charlie Parker, Lester Young, Tupac Shakur, Prince, Sting, Hank Williams, Joni Mitchell, Brian Wilson, Adele (the list is long).

What is your favorite sports team or who is your favorite individual athlete?

Growing up in Hawaii, my favorite sport is surfing and I loved the “old school” surfers like as Gerry Lopez, Jock Sutherland, Corky Carroll, Mike Doyle, and many others.


Mike Lucas Memorial Information

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We are saddened to share that faculty member Mike Lucas passed away on Friday, Jan. 8, of cancer. Mike was a cherished member of our faculty for 30 years, positively impacting the lives of countless students and colleagues. A celebration of Michael’s life will be held on Sunday, Jan. 24, 2016, beginning at 4 p.m., in the Chapel at Bishop O’Dowd High School. A reception in the school’s Center for Environmental Studies will follow. 

Michael Lucas Obituary

Michael Stuart (Silverstein) Lucas, a beloved English teacher at Bishop O’Dowd High School for the past 30 years, passed away on Friday, January 8, 2016, of cancer.

Michael was born in Chicago, Illinois, on September 25, 1948. He was adopted as an infant to Erwin and Helen Silverstein and moved with his parents to California’s San Fernando Valley.

He attended UCLA, where he double majored in English and Philosophy, and moved to the Bay Area after graduating from college. He later earned a master’s degree in Education with an emphasis on reading at Cal State University, East Bay. Prior to joining the teaching staff at O’Dowd, Michael worked with foster children at the Lincoln Child Center.

Michael met his wife, Mimi, while they were both serving as chaperones at an O’Dowd dance. After their eyes met across the crowded gymnasium, Michael approached Mimi, introduced himself, and offered her a glass of punch. They married eight months later, in October 1986.

Michael was passionate about teaching, and positively impacted the lives of countless students, especially his freshman reading students in the College Prep Language Skills Program and Curriculum. His former students fondly remember him reciting the Serenity Prayer at the start of each class and his telling of funny jokes, and they greatly appreciate how he taught them how to write a proper five paragraph essay.

He played the viola, loved the Beatles, James Bond, Las Vegas history, and was fascinated by the JFK conspiracy theories and the events surrounding Marilyn Monroe’s passing.

Michael is survived by his wife of 29 years, Mimi, his children Kristina Drobocky-Baitoo (Dr. Andre Baitoo) and Nicholas Drobocky (Lauren Breznikar ’96), and Nicholas and Lauren’s son Ethan, his grandson.

A celebration of Michael’s life will be held on Sunday, January 24, 2016, beginning at 4 p.m., in the Chapel at Bishop O’Dowd High School. A reception in the school’s Center for Environmental Studies will follow.

The family is creating a Bishop O’Dowd High School scholarship in Michael’s name to support students in the College Prep Language Skills Program and Curriculum that was Michael’s passion and calling. In lieu of flowers, the family encourages contributions be made to the scholarship in Michael’s name. Contributions may be sent to Bishop O’Dowd High School, 9500 Stearns Avenue, Oakland, CA 94605.


Cop21 – The World Unites to Stop Climate Change

Overview of Cop21

The 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), took place in Paris, France (Nov 30 – Dec 13, 2015). With more than 30,000 delegates and diplomats from the 195 countries that participate in the United Nations Framework on Climate Change, it was one of the largest gatherings of world leaders in history.
 
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In general, the purpose of the Conference of the Parties (COP) on Climate Change is to continually assess each nation’s progress in dealing with climate change, to set goals for reducing green house gas (GHG) emissions, and to negotiate agreements on targets. This is the 21st meeting, with the first occurring in Berlin in 1995. Over the course of the past 20 years, few agreements have been reached (ex: Kyoto Protocol-1997, Montreal-2007, Denmark-2009), and most are ultimately viewed as failures for lacking binding agreements or not bringing all countries on board.

Below are details about the purpose and main challenges of Cop21:

  • Main Goal: To achieve a legally binding universal agreement to keep global warming below what most scientists say is the critical threshold of 2 degrees Celsius of Warming.
  • Challenge: Addressing the different responsibilities of developed and developing nations in paying for the current global problems related to human enhanced climate change, and determining who will pay for low-carbon initiatives in emerging economies.

 

There were also a number of summits and exhibitions that occurred throughout Paris that involve business leaders (World Climate Summit), local governments (UCLG), and everyday people in the momentum of what the world hopes is an exciting turning point in the fight against Climate Change.

 

See video or articles (CNN and NPR) for more details on what Cop21 was and why it matters.

Lead Up to COP21

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Momentum for COP21 had been building for well over a year, starting with The United Nations Climate Summit in New York in September 2014 (learn more here). This one-day summit was a precursor to COP 20, “Lima-Paris Action Agenda,” which successfully prepared the agenda for COP 21, and urged countries to pledge a commitment to reducing green house gas (GHG) emissions prior to December 2015.

In an unprecedented turnout, just before the summit, over 150 countries (rich and poor) submitted their plan to the U.N., with some committing to cutting emissions, other to using more clean energy, and other preserving more forest cover (see pledge submissions here, or NY Times infographic here. According to the NY Times (2015), independent experts calculated that if the world is currently on track for warming of about 4.5 degrees Celsius, these pledges would reduce that to between 2.7 – 3.7 degrees — amazing progress before the Paris Summit even started!

Similar to the People’s Climate March of 2014, the lead up to COP21 also involved activists marches in cities across the world. Activism began in the Bay Area first with the NorCal Climate March that took place on November 21st. Students from S-Corps represented O’Dowd’s Sustainability Department.
 
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Worldwide, hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets between November 28th-29th see reports here (350 and BBC). Due to heightened security after the terror attacks in Paris, the Paris march was cancelled; however, activists enacted a “virtual march” with 10,000 pairs of shoes on display in Paris.
 
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Pope Francis made his voice heard in the lead-up to the COP21 by sending his shoes (along with UN General Secretary Ban Ki-moon) to be present at the “virtual march” (read more here). During his address from Nairobi (Nov 26th) to the United Nations, Pope Francis also urged leaders to take a stand at COP21 stating that, “It would be sad, and I dare say even catastrophic, were particular interests to prevail [at COP21] over the common good” (read more here).

Cop21 First Week

It is clear that the world took COP21 seriously. Intensity was high with so much at stake, but the level of energy remained high throughout the first week.

The opening session was the largest gathering of world leaders ever, and it featured clear statements from more than 150 heads of state, accepting responsibility for delivering an ambitious and equitable climate agreement. Powerful speeches from leaders like UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and President Obama (see text here, or video here) ensured that the conference kicked off with positive momentum.
 
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By all accounts, the first week ended successfully, as leaders accomplished what they were called to do, which was an agreement on the Climate Change Draft Plan (learn more here). The draft lays out three broad goals:

  • 1) “To hold the increase in the global average temperature [below 1.5 °C] [or] [well below 2 °C] above preindustrial levels by ensuring deep reductions in global greenhouse gas [net] emissions;
  • 2) “To Increase their ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change [and to effectively respond to the impacts of the implementation of response measures and to loss and damage];
  • 3)”To pursue a transformation towards sustainable development that fosters climate resilient and low greenhouse gas emission societies and economies, and that does not threaten food production and distribution.”

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Cop21 Week Two

The world watched as Senior Ministers negotiated during this second week to come up with an agreement that all parties could sign on to. Despite a little scare and need for extended time on Friday, the outcome of the Paris Climate Conference (Cop21) was a success, as every country involved agreed to take part in universal binding agreements.
 
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Learn more about this historic turning point with the excellent coverage in the articles below.

  • NY Times Coverage: “Nations Approve Landmark Climate Accord in Paris”
  • WSJ Coverage: “Nations Unite in Global Agreement on Climate Change”
  • NCR Coverage: “Nearly 200 Nations Adopt Historic Paris Agreement, Set Path for Action on Climate Change”
  • NPR Coverage: “Nearly 200 Nations Adopt Climate Agreement at Cop21 in Paris”
  • USA Today: “5 Takeaways About the Climate Agreement”

 

Climate Conference - Jerry BrownCalifornia should feel especially proud about the outcomes of COP21, as Governors Jerry Brown and Arnold Schwarzenegger (former) teamed up to share California’s Climate Agenda, and inspired over 123 ambitious states and regions (subnational governments) to agreed to the most stringent binding agreements – reducing their greenhouse gas emissions 80-95%, or limit to 2 metric tons CO2-equivalent per capita, by 2050 (learn more about the Under2MOU agreement here).

After years of difficult negotiations and an intense two-week final summit, the world marches forward with a clearer path to mitigating global climate change.


January 5, 2016

School-Wide Transportation Survey (2015)

***UPDATE – JAN 2016 ***

Bishop O’Dowd is excited to announce a new partnership with CarpooltoSchool, the online carpool service that’s fast, easy, secure, and exclusive to the Bishop O’ Dowd community. This partnership comes after a school-wide transportation survey (see full article below) uncovered an opportunity to increase the number of daily carpoolers (from 32% to at least 50%) at O’Dowd. Carpool-to-School is an online carpool service that’s fast, easy, secure, and exclusive to the Bishop O’ Dowd community. This service is an easy way to reduce your carbon footprint while also saving time, money and worry.

Make your positive impact on the environment – and Register today!


***Original Article – Dec 2015***

Overview

In December 2015, the Sustainability Department conducted a school-wide transportation survey to get update data on the types of transportation staff and students use to get to and from school, and the associated environmental impact of those habits. The survey is just one of the many data sets used to calculate the overall carbon footprint of daily life at O’Dowd. It was also used as part of the application process for California’s Green Ribbon School’s Program.

Bishop O’Dowd 2015 Transportation Survey Results

Methods of Transportation: The first data point for the 2015 Bishop O’ Dowd transportation survey, is understanding the methods of transportation for getting to and from school. Methods of transportation categories include: single driver cars (separate data point for electric car drivers), carpooling, AC Transit bus, BART and shuttle, and walkers and bikers. The data can be viewed at the whole school level, and broken down by each student class and by faculty/staff.
 

 
Overall, the majority of the student body takes what is considered an environmentally friendly method of transportatoin to school, with the Freshman class leading the way at only 39%! However, with faculty and staff included, the majority of people take single driver cars to school.

Green House Gas Emissions: Another important finding from this survey is the whole Bishop O’Dowd community transportation carbon footprint (purple bar graphs below). This carbon footprint was first calculated on a daily basis and then expanded to find the annual average. A second calculation was then made to determine the carbon footprint with increased carpooling (blue graphs below).
 

 
This increased carpooling metric would require all single rider students and 50% of all faculty to carpool with another single rider student or faculty member. If this amount of carpooling was achieved we could as a community stop 896,645 pounds of CO2 emissions from ever entering the atmosphere (difference between two bars). The amount of these emissions we could save is equivalent to the emissions from 146 tons of waste sent to the landfill, 5 tanker trucks worth of gasoline, or 37 homes’ energy use for one year. In order to sequester this amount of carbon we would need 10 years to grow more than 10,000 tree seedlings or 333 acres of U.S. forests for one year (Source: EPA).

Background and Global Context

To understand the importance of this survey in a global context, it is important to understand the relationship between transportation and climate change. Climate change is a change in climate patterns especially apparent in the twentieth century onwards. This change is attributed largely to increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by using fossil fuels. The level of carbon dioxide emitted by a community is known as that community’s carbon footprint. In 2013 the carbon footprint of the United States was second only to China even though the U.S. only accounts for a little over four percent of the world population (See graph below).
 

Source: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/overview.php?v=CO2ts_pc1990-2013
 

A carbon footprint can be divided by the sector responsible for each portion of emissions. In the Unites States transportation alone accounts for over a third of our total carbon footprint (See graph below left). Looking at the transportation sector further we see that light duty vehicles, commonly known as passenger cars, emit the most of any source (See graph below right). These simple observations highlight the large contribution of driving to the carbon footprint of United States and in turn climate change as a whole.
 

Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2013 (Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2015
 

President Obama has called climate change the greatest threat to future generations. A threat that we, as Californians, are already feeling the effects of today. From a record setting drought to life threatening wildfires to extremely low levels of snowpack it is clear we have no time to waste when it comes to dealing with climate change.
As part of the Bishop O’ Dowd community you have the opportunity to reduce our community’s carbon footprint and by extension do your part in reducing your impact on the earth. One simple way you can help is by signing on to the carpool-to-school app, which can help you find a carpooling buddy in your area. Other ways to reduce our communal footprint include walking or biking to school, taking public transit, or even investing in an electric vehicle.


Key Assumptions in this Analysis
A couple of key assumptions were made during this process including:
– For further clarification single riders are people who drive or ride in a car with no other student or faculty member.
-An average school bus efficiency of 6.3 mpg, average transit bus efficiency of 4 mpg, and an average bart emissions conversion of 0.13 lbs CO2 per person.
-The student survey asked whether a car was old or new. This determined an average vehicle efficiency. Using the senior class as a representative sample size average efficiencies where calculated for old (22.42 mpg), new (31.2), and undefined (28.6) vehicles.
-An average mileage was assumed from each neighborhood written.
-A yearly average of 190 school days was used for the annual emissions.


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Finding God in All Things

9500 Stearns Ave | Oakland, CA 94605 | Phone: (510) 577-9100 | Fax: (510) 638-3259